A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells .
Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).
Brownsville Independent School District campuses establish a concussion management team to oversee the implementation and delivery of the District's Concussion Management Protocols. As part of an effective concussion management protocol, current best practice requires that a student be symptom free before starting back to physical and/or mental activity. If a student is receiving academic or school accommodations of any kind due to the presence of concussion related symptoms, that student cannot be considered symptom free. The Return to Learn (RTL) goal of a full school day with no concussion related accommodations must achieved before Return to Play (RTP) guidelines may commence.