Federal Accountability


The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was first passed by Congress in 1965 as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty. Originally designed to focus federal funding on poor schools with low achieving students, ESEA established Title I, aimed at improving education for disadvantaged children in poor areas. Title I was and remains the cornerstone of ESEA.

Since its initial passage, ESEA has been reauthorized seveal times, most recently in 2001 as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Each reauthorization brought changes to the program, but its central goal remains: improving the educational opportunities and outcomes for children from lower-income families.

On December 10th, 2015, President Obama signed the "Every Student Succeeds Act," or "ESSA" -a reauthorization of ESEA and replacement for "No Child Left Behind."

Every Student Succeeds Act

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) of 2015, rewrites the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA).  ESSA replaces the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), the previous version of ESEA, and also supersedes the ESEA waivers created by the U.S. Department of Education to provide states with flexibility from certain requirements of NCLB.

Federal Report Cards

The U.S. Department of Education requires each state to publish an annual report card with specific district- and campus-level data. 

Federal Report Cards for 2018–2019 are now available.

Every district that receives Title I, Part A funding is responsible for distributing the state-, district- and campus-level report cards to each of its campuses, the parents of all enrolled students, and the general public.

Prior to 2013, the NCLB Report Card was published annually from 2009–2012.

For more information about the Federal Report Card and districts' responsibilities related to it, please visit the NCLB and ESEA web page.