Federal Accountability

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was first passed by Congress in 1965 as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty. Originally designed to focus federal funding on poor schools with low achieving students, ESEA established Title I, aimed at improving education for disadvantaged children in poor areas. Title I was and remains the cornerstone of ESEA.

Since its initial passage, ESEA has been reauthorized several times, most recently in 2001 as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Each reauthorization brought changes to the program, but its central goal remains: improving the educational opportunities and outcomes for children from lower-income families.

On December 10th, 2015, President Obama signed the "Every Student Succeeds Act," or "ESSA" -a reauthorization of ESEA and replacement for "No Child Left Behind."


Federal Report Cards
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), requires each State education agency to prepare and publish an annual report card with state-, district- and campus-level data. 

Federal Report Cards for 2020–21 are available.

ESSA also requires each State education agency to report annually to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education.

The Texas Annual Report to the Secretary is available for 2017-182018-192019-20, and 2020-21

Every district that receives Title I, Part A funding is responsible for distributing the state-, district- and campus-level report cards to each of its campuses, the parents of all enrolled students, and the general public.

Prior to 2013, the NCLB Report Card was published annually from 2009–12.

For more information about the Federal Report Card and districts' responsibilities related to it, please visit the Title I, Part A webpage.



During the 79th Texas Legislature, Third Called Session, 2006, House Bill 1 (HB 1) was passed, which amended the Texas Education Code (TEC), Chapter 39, Public School System Accountability. The HB 1 changes addressed, in part, the accreditation of school districts; sanctions and interventions for school districts, charter schools, and campuses; and the review by the State Office of Administrative Hearings of certain sanctions. As a result, TEA was required to adopt rules to implement the changes addressed.

See these commissioner's rules related to accreditation at Texas Administrative Code—Currently in Effect. 19 TAC Chapter 97, Planning and Accountability, Subchapter EE, Accreditation Status, Standards, and Sanctions defines the accreditation statuses of Accredited, Accredited-Warned, Accredited-Probation, and Not Accredited-Revoked and states how accreditation statuses will be determined and assigned to school districts. The rules also establish accreditation standards and sanctions, including definitions, purpose, and oversight appointments.

Note: An accreditation status may be withheld pending final data necessary for the completion of a status assignment.