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Fall 2012- First Six Weeks Exam--SUBMIT ONLY ONCE

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

This device does arithmetic and compares data very quickly.
a.
hard drive
c.
CPU
b.
RAM
 

 2. 

A monitor is an example of this.
a.
input device
c.
pointing device
b.
output device
 

 3. 

This input device is commonly used with computer games.
a.
digital camera
c.
scanner
b.
joystick
 

 4. 

A computer’s main memory, or RAM, is sometimes called this.
a.
archival storage
c.
storage device
b.
primary storage
 

 5. 

Which of the following is a sequential storage device?
a.
tape drive
c.
hard drive
b.
ROM
 

 6. 

When two programs try to occupy the same space in RAM, one or both may do this.
a.
crash
c.
run
b.
resolve
 

 7. 

Which of the following is a storage medium?
a.
magnetic tape
c.
file
b.
CD-ROM drive
 

 8. 

What is the most common magnetic storage device installed in computers?
a.
hard drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
floppy disk drive
 

 9. 

This is the raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.
a.
bytes
c.
bits
b.
input
 

 10. 

This type of memory stores its contents permanently, even when the computer is off.
a.
BIOS
c.
ROM
b.
RAM
 

 11. 

This is a set of programs that tells the computer how to start up.
a.
ROM
c.
PC
b.
BIOS
 

 12. 

Which of the following is not a basic type of input?
a.
data
c.
software instructions
b.
memory
 

 13. 

This operating system is designed to run on computers made by Apple®.
a.
Linux™
c.
Microsoft Windows
b.
Macintosh OS
 

 14. 

Which storage device holds the smallest amount of data?
a.
compact discs
c.
floppy disks
b.
hard drives
 

 15. 

This type of software may do maintenance and repair jobs that an operating system cannot do itself.
a.
utility software
c.
communication software
b.
productivity software
 

 16. 

A standard compact disc can hold this much data.
a.
650 MB
c.
650 GB
b.
350 MB
 

 17. 

This type of device retains data even when the computer’s power is turned off.
a.
output
c.
input
b.
storage
 

 18. 

Microsoft Windows® is an example of this type of software.
a.
application software
c.
operating system
b.
Macintosh® OS
 

 19. 

Which of the following is an example of an optical storage device?
a.
tape drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
hard drive
 

 20. 

The on-screen tools you use to interact with a computer are called the _____.
a.
applications
c.
interface
b.
controls
 

 21. 

The operating system lets you change some features of the _____, such as the look of the background or the placement of the icons.
a.
programs
c.
desktop
b.
memory
 

 22. 

A storage device that is installed inside your computer is called a(n) _____ device.
a.
optical
c.
peripheral
b.
internal
 

 23. 

Which is the most commonly used input device?
a.
keyboard
c.
mouse
b.
microphone
 

 24. 

This device uses a stack of platters to permanently store large amounts of information.
a.
RAM
c.
hard drive
b.
CD-ROM drive
 

 25. 

UNIX is an example of this type of operating system.
a.
real-time
c.
multi-user
b.
single-user/single-task
 

 26. 

In this second basic action of the computer cycle, the computer does something to the data.
a.
input
c.
output
b.
processing
 

 27. 

The type of file people most often use is called a _____.
a.
BIOS
c.
document
b.
memory
 

 28. 

This operating system is installed on more than 90 percent of personal computers.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
Linux
b.
Microsoft Windows
 

 29. 

Like a car’s gas gauge, this type of computer measures data on a scale with many values.
a.
analog
c.
processing
b.
digital
 

 30. 

Which type of operating system is used to control large equipment and to regulate factory operations?
a.
real-time
c.
single-user/single-task
b.
single-user/multitasking
 

 31. 

The term secondary storage is sometimes used to describe devices that store data this way.
a.
temporarily
c.
as files
b.
permanently
 

 32. 

This category of software includes programs that help the computer work properly.
a.
program software
c.
application software
b.
system software
 

 33. 

A CD-ROM drive is an example of this type of storage device.
a.
read-only
c.
primary
b.
read/write
 

 34. 

Most desktop and laptop computers today use this type of operating system.
a.
real-time
c.
single-user/multitasking
b.
multi-user
 

 35. 

This is an instruction that tells a software program what action to perform.
a.
response
c.
data
b.
command
 

 36. 

This was one of the first operating systems ever written.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
Linux
b.
UNIX
 

 37. 

This device enables a computer to record and play back sounds.
a.
microphone
c.
sound card
b.
scanner
 

 38. 

What does the term RAM stand for?
a.
rarely accessed memory
c.
remaining accessible memory
b.
random access memory
 

 39. 

This is a collection of related information or program code, which has been given a unique name.
a.
folder
c.
file
b.
device
 

 40. 

Which of the following tasks is not performed by the operating system?
a.
managing the CPU
c.
managing computer memory
b.
managing the formatting in a letter
 

 41. 

This is another name for a program that tells a computer what to do and how to do it.
a.
software
c.
hardware
b.
peripheral
 

 42. 

When a computer saves information permanently, this is called _____.
a.
processing
c.
storage
b.
output
 

 43. 

What does the term USB stand for?
a.
Universal Serial Binary
c.
Universal Serial Box
b.
Universal Serial Bus
 

 44. 

How many operations can a computer perform every second?
a.
hundreds
c.
millions
b.
thousands
 

 45. 

This type of visual display lets you use a mouse to interact with the workspace on the computer screen.
a.
operating system
c.
desktop
b.
graphical user interface
 

 46. 

What is the most common optical storage device installed in computers?
a.
RAM
c.
hard drive
b.
CD-ROM drive
 

 47. 

A keyboard is an example of this type of device.
a.
input
c.
output
b.
storage
 

 48. 

This is the most common type of monitor.
a.
phosphor
c.
LCD
b.
CRT
 

 49. 

Secondary storage devices are sometimes referred to as _____.
a.
primary
c.
memory
b.
archival
 

 50. 

A computer’s physical parts are called _____.
a.
hardware
c.
pieces
b.
software
 



 
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