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Fall 2012- First Six Weeks Exam--SUBMIT ONLY ONCE

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is not a basic type of input?
a.
data
c.
user commands
b.
software instructions
d.
memory
 

 2. 

This type of visual display lets you use a mouse to interact with the workspace on the computer screen.
a.
BIOS
c.
operating system
b.
graphical user interface
d.
desktop
 

 3. 

Which of the following is a sequential storage device?
a.
tape drive
c.
hard drive
b.
ROM
d.
floppy disk drive
 

 4. 

This was one of the first operating systems ever written.
a.
UNIX
c.
Macintosh OS
b.
Microsoft Windows
d.
Linux
 

 5. 

This input device is commonly used with computer games.
a.
scanner
c.
microphone
b.
digital camera
d.
joystick
 

 6. 

The type of file people most often use is called a _____.
a.
memory
c.
document
b.
BIOS
d.
program
 

 7. 

A keyboard is an example of this type of device.
a.
output
c.
input
b.
processing
d.
storage
 

 8. 

What does the term RAM stand for?
a.
remote access memory
c.
random access memory
b.
rarely accessed memory
d.
remaining accessible memory
 

 9. 

This device uses a stack of platters to permanently store large amounts of information.
a.
hard drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
CPU
d.
RAM
 

 10. 

This operating system is designed to run on computers made by Apple®.
a.
UNIX®
c.
Linux™
b.
Microsoft Windows
d.
Macintosh OS
 

 11. 

Which of the following is an example of an optical storage device?
a.
tape drive
c.
floppy disk drive
b.
hard drive
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 12. 

Which is the most commonly used input device?
a.
microphone
c.
keyboard
b.
hard drive
d.
mouse
 

 13. 

What is the most common optical storage device installed in computers?
a.
hard drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
RAM
d.
floppy disk drive
 

 14. 

When two programs try to occupy the same space in RAM, one or both may do this.
a.
resolve
c.
crash
b.
run
d.
load
 

 15. 

This is a set of programs that tells the computer how to start up.
a.
BIOS
c.
ROM
b.
RAM
d.
PC
 

 16. 

This is another name for a program that tells a computer what to do and how to do it.
a.
device
c.
peripheral
b.
hardware
d.
software
 

 17. 

What is the most common magnetic storage device installed in computers?
a.
tape drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
floppy disk drive
d.
hard drive
 

 18. 

This operating system is installed on more than 90 percent of personal computers.
a.
Linux
c.
Microsoft Windows
b.
UNIX
d.
Macintosh OS
 

 19. 

A computer’s physical parts are called _____.
a.
hardware
c.
things
b.
pieces
d.
software
 

 20. 

In this second basic action of the computer cycle, the computer does something to the data.
a.
output
c.
processing
b.
input
d.
storage
 

 21. 

This device does arithmetic and compares data very quickly.
a.
RAM
c.
hard drive
b.
hardware
d.
CPU
 

 22. 

This type of device retains data even when the computer’s power is turned off.
a.
output
c.
input
b.
processing
d.
storage
 

 23. 

This is the most common type of monitor.
a.
CRT
c.
LCD
b.
monochrome
d.
phosphor
 

 24. 

This is a collection of related information or program code, which has been given a unique name.
a.
folder
c.
file
b.
device
d.
software
 

 25. 

Which of the following is a storage medium?
a.
CD-ROM drive
c.
file
b.
magnetic tape
d.
document
 

 26. 

This is the raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.
a.
bits
c.
input
b.
bytes
d.
output
 

 27. 

When a computer saves information permanently, this is called _____.
a.
processing
c.
output
b.
storage
d.
input
 

 28. 

The term secondary storage is sometimes used to describe devices that store data this way.
a.
permanently
c.
temporarily
b.
as documents
d.
as files
 

 29. 

A monitor is an example of this.
a.
pointing device
c.
output device
b.
input device
d.
storage device
 

 30. 

This device enables a computer to record and play back sounds.
a.
sound card
c.
microphone
b.
scanner
d.
modem
 

 31. 

What does the term USB stand for?
a.
Universal Serial Binary
c.
Universal Serial Bus
b.
Universal Serial Box
d.
Universal Serial Bypass
 

 32. 

Which type of operating system is used to control large equipment and to regulate factory operations?
a.
multi-user
c.
real-time
b.
single-user/single-task
d.
single-user/multitasking
 

 33. 

Most desktop and laptop computers today use this type of operating system.
a.
single-user/single-task
c.
multi-user
b.
single-user/multitasking
d.
real-time
 

 34. 

The on-screen tools you use to interact with a computer are called the _____.
a.
controls
c.
interface
b.
applications
d.
operating system
 

 35. 

UNIX is an example of this type of operating system.
a.
single-user/single-task
c.
real-time
b.
single-user/multitasking
d.
multi-user
 

 36. 

This type of software may do maintenance and repair jobs that an operating system cannot do itself.
a.
utility software
c.
application software
b.
communication software
d.
productivity software
 

 37. 

Which storage device holds the smallest amount of data?
a.
RAM
c.
floppy disks
b.
compact discs
d.
hard drives
 

 38. 

This is an instruction that tells a software program what action to perform.
a.
command
c.
number
b.
data
d.
response
 

 39. 

Which of the following tasks is not performed by the operating system?
a.
managing the formatting in a letter
c.
managing the CPU
b.
managing input devices
d.
managing computer memory
 

 40. 

How many operations can a computer perform every second?
a.
dozens
c.
thousands
b.
hundreds
d.
millions
 

 41. 

A CD-ROM drive is an example of this type of storage device.
a.
primary
c.
read-only
b.
rewritable
d.
read/write
 

 42. 

Microsoft Windows® is an example of this type of software.
a.
application software
c.
Macintosh® OS
b.
operating system
d.
system utility
 

 43. 

A storage device that is installed inside your computer is called a(n) _____ device.
a.
internal
c.
external
b.
peripheral
d.
optical
 

 44. 

The operating system lets you change some features of the _____, such as the look of the background or the placement of the icons.
a.
options
c.
desktop
b.
programs
d.
memory
 

 45. 

Secondary storage devices are sometimes referred to as _____.
a.
archival
c.
memory
b.
temporary
d.
primary
 

 46. 

This category of software includes programs that help the computer work properly.
a.
program software
c.
application software
b.
compatible software
d.
system software
 

 47. 

A computer’s main memory, or RAM, is sometimes called this.
a.
primary storage
c.
archival storage
b.
secondary storage
d.
storage device
 

 48. 

A standard compact disc can hold this much data.
a.
350 GB
c.
650 GB
b.
350 MB
d.
650 MB
 

 49. 

Like a car’s gas gauge, this type of computer measures data on a scale with many values.
a.
electronic
c.
processing
b.
digital
d.
analog
 

 50. 

This type of memory stores its contents permanently, even when the computer is off.
a.
ROM
c.
RAM
b.
CD
d.
BIOS
 



 
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