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Fall 2012- First Six Weeks Exam--SUBMIT ONLY ONCE

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A CD-ROM drive is an example of this type of storage device.
a.
read/write
c.
primary
b.
rewritable
d.
read-only
 

 2. 

In this second basic action of the computer cycle, the computer does something to the data.
a.
processing
c.
input
b.
output
d.
storage
 

 3. 

When two programs try to occupy the same space in RAM, one or both may do this.
a.
run
c.
crash
b.
resolve
d.
load
 

 4. 

This operating system is designed to run on computers made by Apple®.
a.
Microsoft Windows
c.
Macintosh OS
b.
Linux™
d.
UNIX®
 

 5. 

The on-screen tools you use to interact with a computer are called the _____.
a.
applications
c.
operating system
b.
interface
d.
controls
 

 6. 

Which is the most commonly used input device?
a.
microphone
c.
mouse
b.
hard drive
d.
keyboard
 

 7. 

This was one of the first operating systems ever written.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
Linux
b.
Microsoft Windows
d.
UNIX
 

 8. 

This is the raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.
a.
bits
c.
input
b.
bytes
d.
output
 

 9. 

Secondary storage devices are sometimes referred to as _____.
a.
primary
c.
temporary
b.
archival
d.
memory
 

 10. 

What is the most common magnetic storage device installed in computers?
a.
CD-ROM drive
c.
hard drive
b.
floppy disk drive
d.
tape drive
 

 11. 

This input device is commonly used with computer games.
a.
scanner
c.
digital camera
b.
microphone
d.
joystick
 

 12. 

UNIX is an example of this type of operating system.
a.
single-user/multitasking
c.
single-user/single-task
b.
multi-user
d.
real-time
 

 13. 

Which of the following is a sequential storage device?
a.
hard drive
c.
tape drive
b.
floppy disk drive
d.
ROM
 

 14. 

A keyboard is an example of this type of device.
a.
storage
c.
input
b.
output
d.
processing
 

 15. 

This device enables a computer to record and play back sounds.
a.
modem
c.
microphone
b.
scanner
d.
sound card
 

 16. 

What does the term RAM stand for?
a.
remaining accessible memory
c.
random access memory
b.
rarely accessed memory
d.
remote access memory
 

 17. 

Like a car’s gas gauge, this type of computer measures data on a scale with many values.
a.
digital
c.
processing
b.
electronic
d.
analog
 

 18. 

Which of the following is an example of an optical storage device?
a.
CD-ROM drive
c.
floppy disk drive
b.
tape drive
d.
hard drive
 

 19. 

This is a set of programs that tells the computer how to start up.
a.
BIOS
c.
RAM
b.
PC
d.
ROM
 

 20. 

This type of device retains data even when the computer’s power is turned off.
a.
input
c.
storage
b.
output
d.
processing
 

 21. 

Which of the following tasks is not performed by the operating system?
a.
managing the CPU
c.
managing the formatting in a letter
b.
managing input devices
d.
managing computer memory
 

 22. 

This device uses a stack of platters to permanently store large amounts of information.
a.
CPU
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
hard drive
d.
RAM
 

 23. 

The operating system lets you change some features of the _____, such as the look of the background or the placement of the icons.
a.
programs
c.
options
b.
desktop
d.
memory
 

 24. 

A standard compact disc can hold this much data.
a.
650 GB
c.
350 GB
b.
650 MB
d.
350 MB
 

 25. 

This operating system is installed on more than 90 percent of personal computers.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
Linux
b.
UNIX
d.
Microsoft Windows
 

 26. 

The type of file people most often use is called a _____.
a.
BIOS
c.
program
b.
memory
d.
document
 

 27. 

What does the term USB stand for?
a.
Universal Serial Binary
c.
Universal Serial Bypass
b.
Universal Serial Bus
d.
Universal Serial Box
 

 28. 

How many operations can a computer perform every second?
a.
millions
c.
dozens
b.
thousands
d.
hundreds
 

 29. 

This category of software includes programs that help the computer work properly.
a.
system software
c.
application software
b.
program software
d.
compatible software
 

 30. 

What is the most common optical storage device installed in computers?
a.
floppy disk drive
c.
RAM
b.
CD-ROM drive
d.
hard drive
 

 31. 

This type of memory stores its contents permanently, even when the computer is off.
a.
RAM
c.
CD
b.
BIOS
d.
ROM
 

 32. 

This is an instruction that tells a software program what action to perform.
a.
response
c.
command
b.
number
d.
data
 

 33. 

The term secondary storage is sometimes used to describe devices that store data this way.
a.
as files
c.
temporarily
b.
as documents
d.
permanently
 

 34. 

When a computer saves information permanently, this is called _____.
a.
input
c.
processing
b.
storage
d.
output
 

 35. 

Microsoft Windows® is an example of this type of software.
a.
operating system
c.
system utility
b.
Macintosh® OS
d.
application software
 

 36. 

Which storage device holds the smallest amount of data?
a.
floppy disks
c.
RAM
b.
compact discs
d.
hard drives
 

 37. 

A monitor is an example of this.
a.
input device
c.
output device
b.
storage device
d.
pointing device
 

 38. 

A storage device that is installed inside your computer is called a(n) _____ device.
a.
internal
c.
optical
b.
peripheral
d.
external
 

 39. 

Which type of operating system is used to control large equipment and to regulate factory operations?
a.
real-time
c.
multi-user
b.
single-user/single-task
d.
single-user/multitasking
 

 40. 

Which of the following is a storage medium?
a.
document
c.
magnetic tape
b.
file
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 41. 

This is the most common type of monitor.
a.
LCD
c.
phosphor
b.
monochrome
d.
CRT
 

 42. 

This type of software may do maintenance and repair jobs that an operating system cannot do itself.
a.
productivity software
c.
communication software
b.
application software
d.
utility software
 

 43. 

This type of visual display lets you use a mouse to interact with the workspace on the computer screen.
a.
desktop
c.
graphical user interface
b.
operating system
d.
BIOS
 

 44. 

This device does arithmetic and compares data very quickly.
a.
hardware
c.
CPU
b.
RAM
d.
hard drive
 

 45. 

A computer’s main memory, or RAM, is sometimes called this.
a.
primary storage
c.
storage device
b.
archival storage
d.
secondary storage
 

 46. 

This is a collection of related information or program code, which has been given a unique name.
a.
device
c.
file
b.
folder
d.
software
 

 47. 

This is another name for a program that tells a computer what to do and how to do it.
a.
hardware
c.
software
b.
device
d.
peripheral
 

 48. 

A computer’s physical parts are called _____.
a.
software
c.
things
b.
pieces
d.
hardware
 

 49. 

Which of the following is not a basic type of input?
a.
memory
c.
software instructions
b.
user commands
d.
data
 

 50. 

Most desktop and laptop computers today use this type of operating system.
a.
single-user/single-task
c.
real-time
b.
single-user/multitasking
d.
multi-user
 



 
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