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Fall 2012- First Six Weeks Exam---SUBMIT ONLY ONCE

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which type of operating system is used to control large equipment and to regulate factory operations?
a.
real-time
c.
multi-user
b.
single-user/multitasking
d.
single-user/single-task
 

 2. 

This device enables a computer to record and play back sounds.
a.
modem
c.
scanner
b.
sound card
d.
microphone
 

 3. 

This input device is commonly used with computer games.
a.
scanner
c.
digital camera
b.
joystick
d.
microphone
 

 4. 

A storage device that is installed inside your computer is called a(n) _____ device.
a.
peripheral
c.
optical
b.
internal
d.
external
 

 5. 

When a computer saves information permanently, this is called _____.
a.
output
c.
processing
b.
input
d.
storage
 

 6. 

What does the term RAM stand for?
a.
remote access memory
c.
rarely accessed memory
b.
remaining accessible memory
d.
random access memory
 

 7. 

What is the most common magnetic storage device installed in computers?
a.
hard drive
c.
CD-ROM drive
b.
tape drive
d.
floppy disk drive
 

 8. 

A monitor is an example of this.
a.
pointing device
c.
output device
b.
input device
d.
storage device
 

 9. 

This type of device retains data even when the computer’s power is turned off.
a.
input
c.
processing
b.
output
d.
storage
 

 10. 

A keyboard is an example of this type of device.
a.
processing
c.
storage
b.
output
d.
input
 

 11. 

This operating system is installed on more than 90 percent of personal computers.
a.
Microsoft Windows
c.
Macintosh OS
b.
UNIX
d.
Linux
 

 12. 

The on-screen tools you use to interact with a computer are called the _____.
a.
applications
c.
operating system
b.
controls
d.
interface
 

 13. 

This is an instruction that tells a software program what action to perform.
a.
response
c.
command
b.
number
d.
data
 

 14. 

The operating system lets you change some features of the _____, such as the look of the background or the placement of the icons.
a.
options
c.
memory
b.
programs
d.
desktop
 

 15. 

A standard compact disc can hold this much data.
a.
350 MB
c.
350 GB
b.
650 MB
d.
650 GB
 

 16. 

This is the raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.
a.
bytes
c.
input
b.
output
d.
bits
 

 17. 

What is the most common optical storage device installed in computers?
a.
RAM
c.
floppy disk drive
b.
hard drive
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 18. 

This type of software may do maintenance and repair jobs that an operating system cannot do itself.
a.
communication software
c.
utility software
b.
productivity software
d.
application software
 

 19. 

Which of the following tasks is not performed by the operating system?
a.
managing the CPU
c.
managing the formatting in a letter
b.
managing computer memory
d.
managing input devices
 

 20. 

This is a collection of related information or program code, which has been given a unique name.
a.
folder
c.
device
b.
file
d.
software
 

 21. 

UNIX is an example of this type of operating system.
a.
real-time
c.
single-user/multitasking
b.
multi-user
d.
single-user/single-task
 

 22. 

What does the term USB stand for?
a.
Universal Serial Box
c.
Universal Serial Bypass
b.
Universal Serial Bus
d.
Universal Serial Binary
 

 23. 

Like a car’s gas gauge, this type of computer measures data on a scale with many values.
a.
digital
c.
analog
b.
electronic
d.
processing
 

 24. 

This is another name for a program that tells a computer what to do and how to do it.
a.
software
c.
device
b.
hardware
d.
peripheral
 

 25. 

Most desktop and laptop computers today use this type of operating system.
a.
single-user/single-task
c.
single-user/multitasking
b.
multi-user
d.
real-time
 

 26. 

This type of memory stores its contents permanently, even when the computer is off.
a.
RAM
c.
CD
b.
BIOS
d.
ROM
 

 27. 

Which of the following is an example of an optical storage device?
a.
floppy disk drive
c.
hard drive
b.
tape drive
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 28. 

This was one of the first operating systems ever written.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
UNIX
b.
Linux
d.
Microsoft Windows
 

 29. 

Which of the following is not a basic type of input?
a.
data
c.
software instructions
b.
memory
d.
user commands
 

 30. 

Which of the following is a storage medium?
a.
magnetic tape
c.
file
b.
document
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 31. 

This device does arithmetic and compares data very quickly.
a.
hard drive
c.
CPU
b.
RAM
d.
hardware
 

 32. 

A computer’s physical parts are called _____.
a.
hardware
c.
software
b.
things
d.
pieces
 

 33. 

How many operations can a computer perform every second?
a.
millions
c.
thousands
b.
dozens
d.
hundreds
 

 34. 

In this second basic action of the computer cycle, the computer does something to the data.
a.
output
c.
storage
b.
input
d.
processing
 

 35. 

The term secondary storage is sometimes used to describe devices that store data this way.
a.
permanently
c.
as documents
b.
as files
d.
temporarily
 

 36. 

Which is the most commonly used input device?
a.
keyboard
c.
hard drive
b.
mouse
d.
microphone
 

 37. 

Secondary storage devices are sometimes referred to as _____.
a.
primary
c.
archival
b.
memory
d.
temporary
 

 38. 

Which of the following is a sequential storage device?
a.
ROM
c.
hard drive
b.
floppy disk drive
d.
tape drive
 

 39. 

This device uses a stack of platters to permanently store large amounts of information.
a.
CPU
c.
hard drive
b.
RAM
d.
CD-ROM drive
 

 40. 

This is the most common type of monitor.
a.
phosphor
c.
monochrome
b.
LCD
d.
CRT
 

 41. 

When two programs try to occupy the same space in RAM, one or both may do this.
a.
load
c.
resolve
b.
crash
d.
run
 

 42. 

The type of file people most often use is called a _____.
a.
document
c.
program
b.
memory
d.
BIOS
 

 43. 

This is a set of programs that tells the computer how to start up.
a.
RAM
c.
PC
b.
BIOS
d.
ROM
 

 44. 

Microsoft Windows® is an example of this type of software.
a.
operating system
c.
application software
b.
system utility
d.
Macintosh® OS
 

 45. 

Which storage device holds the smallest amount of data?
a.
RAM
c.
hard drives
b.
compact discs
d.
floppy disks
 

 46. 

This operating system is designed to run on computers made by Apple®.
a.
Macintosh OS
c.
Microsoft Windows
b.
UNIX®
d.
Linux™
 

 47. 

A CD-ROM drive is an example of this type of storage device.
a.
primary
c.
read/write
b.
rewritable
d.
read-only
 

 48. 

This type of visual display lets you use a mouse to interact with the workspace on the computer screen.
a.
BIOS
c.
graphical user interface
b.
operating system
d.
desktop
 

 49. 

This category of software includes programs that help the computer work properly.
a.
compatible software
c.
application software
b.
system software
d.
program software
 

 50. 

A computer’s main memory, or RAM, is sometimes called this.
a.
storage device
c.
archival storage
b.
secondary storage
d.
primary storage
 



 
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